Cohort Studies for Outbreak Investigations (FOCUS, Volume 3.1)

Fee:None
Length:40 minutes
Description:This issue of FOCUS covers the basics of conducting a cohort study and discusses how to calculate measures of disease (prevalence, risks) and disease association (relative risk).
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Learning Objectives

Training Personnel

Authors:

Amy Nelson, PhD, MSPH

Kim Brunette, MPH

FOCUS Workgroup

The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose. Author, narrator, reviewer affiliations listed were current at the time of training development.

Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed

This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions as noted below. (Please note: The following training does not provide comprehensive or in-depth treatment of specified competencies or capability functions, it provides basic knowledge of the competencies or capability functions listed below.)

Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 1
Assist in design of investigation (e.g.,disease investigations, studies, or screening programs) (I.C.5)
Use analysis plan for data (I.F.1)
Conduct analysis of data (I.F.2)
   [prevalence, risk, relative risk]
Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 2
Assist in design of investigation (e.g., disease investigations, studies, or screening programs) (I.C.5)
Create analysis plan for data (I.F.1)
   [prevalence, risk, relative risk]
Conduct analysis of data (I.F.2)
Identify key findings from the study (I.G.3)
Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals
1) Assesses the health status of populations and their related determinants of health and illness (e.g. factors contributing to health promotion and disease prevention, availability and use of health services) (1: Analytical/Assessment Skills)
4) Uses methods and instruments for collecting valid and reliable quantitative and qualitative data (1: Analytical/Assessment Skills)
9) Interprets quantitative and qualitative data (1: Analytical/Assessment Skills)
4) Applies the basic public health sciences (including, but not limited to biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, and social and behavioral health sciences) to public health policies and programs (6: Public Health Science Skills)
Public Health Preparedness Capabilities
Capability 13, Function 2: Conduct public health and epidemiological investigations
Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies
2.5. Manage the recording and/or transcription of data according to protocol.

Continuing Education Credit:

The UNC Center for Public Health Preparedness offers the following continuing education credit/s on this training. Eligibility for all continuing education credit is determined on an annual basis.

  • none

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References

Update: Outbreak of Acute Febrile Illness Among Athletes Participating in Eco-Challenge-Sabah 2 --Borneo, Malaysia, 2000. MMWR Morb Mort Week Rpt. 2001; 50(2):21-24.

Bates D, Schmitt W, Buchwald D, Ware NC, Lee J, Thoyer E, Kornish RJ, Komaroff AL. Prevalence of fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome in a primary care practice. Arch Intern Med. 1993; 153:2759-2765.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "How safe is the blood supply in the United States?" Online Fact Sheet. Updated December 15, 2003. Available at:
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pubs/faq/faq15.htm.

Infuso A, Baron S, Fauveau H, Melon M, Fleury H, Desenclos JC. Value of influenza vaccine during an outbreak of influenza A in a nursing home, Pyrénées Atlantiques, France, November-December 1995. Euro Surveill. 1996;1(5):35-37.

Chamany S, Mirza SA, Fleming JW, et al. A Large Histoplasmosis Outbreak Among High School Students in Indiana, 2001. Ped Inf Dis J. 2004; 23(10):909-914.

Boccia D, Tozzi AE, Cotter B, Rizzo C, Russo T, Buttinelli G, Caprioli A, Marziano ML, Ruggeri FM. Waterborne Outbreak of Norwalk-Like Virus Gastroenteritis at a Tourist Resort, Italy. Emerg Inf Dis. 2002; 8(6):563-568.

Doller PC, Dietrich K, Filipp N, Brockmann S, Dreweck C, Vonthein R, Wagner-Wiening C, Wiedenmann A. Cyclosporiasis Outbreak in Germany Associated with the Consumption of Salad. Emerg Inf Dis. 2002; 8(9):992-994.

McLaughlin JB, DePaola A, Bopp CA, et al. Outbreak of Vibrio parahaemolyticus Gastroenteritis Associated with Alaskan Oysters. N Engl J Med. 2005; 353(14):1463-1470.

Begier Em, Frenette K, Barrett NL, et al. A High-Morbidity Outbreak of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus among Players on a College Football Team, Facilitated by Cosmetic Body Shaving and Turf Burns. Clin Inf Dis. 2004; 39:1446-1453.

To Access and Complete This Training:

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