Public Health Surveillance Systems (FOCUS, Volume 5.6)

Fee:None
Length:40 minutes
Description:This issue of FOCUS discusses sources of surveillance data and provides examples of different types of surveillance systems.
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Learning Objectives

Training Personnel

Authors:

Meredith Anderson, MPH, CPH

FOCUS Workgroup

The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose. Author, narrator, reviewer affiliations listed were current at the time of training development.

Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed

This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions as noted below. (Please note: The following training does not provide comprehensive or in-depth treatment of specified competencies or capability functions, it provides basic knowledge of the competencies or capability functions listed below.)

Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 1
Collect surveillance and other data for use in tracking program objectives and outcomes (I.I.3)
Use information technologies and communication tools necessary to support epidemiologic investigations and surveillance (II.C.1)
Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 2
Identify surveillance and other data for use in tracking program objectives and outcomes (I.I.3)
Use information technologies and communication tools necessary to support epidemiologic investigations and surveillance (II.C.1)
Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals
1) Assesses the health status of populations and their related determinants of health and illness (e.g. factors contributing to health promotion and disease prevention, availability and use of health services) (1: Analytic/Assessment Skills)
4) Uses methods and instruments for collecting valid and reliable quantitative and qualitative data (1: Analytic/Assessment Skills)
5) References sources of public health data and information (1: Analytic/Assessment Skills)
Public Health Preparedness Capabilities
Capability 13, Function 1: Conduct public health surveillance and detection
Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies
2.4. Collect data according to protocol.

Continuing Education Credit:

The UNC Center for Public Health Preparedness offers the following continuing education credit/s on this training. Eligibility for all continuing education credit is determined on an annual basis.

  • none

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References

Birkhead GS, Maylahn CM. State and local public health surveillance. In: Teutsch SM, Churchill RE, eds. Principles and Practice of Public Health Surveillance. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2000:253-286.

Armstrong GL, Conn LA, Pinner RW. Trends in infectious disease mortality in the United States during the 20th century. JAMA. 1999;281(1):61-66.

World Health Organization. International health regulations (2005). 2nd ed. http://www.who.int/csr/ihr/en/. Published 2008. Accessed October 3, 2008.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Summary of notifiable diseases - United States, 2006. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008;55(53):1-84.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cigarette use among high school students - United States, 1991-2007. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008;57(25):689-691.

FluView. Outpatient illness surveillance. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/. Updated October 10, 2008. Accessed October 14, 2008.

Skowronski DM, Masaro C, Kwindt TL, et al. Estimating vaccine effectiveness against laboratory-confirmed influenza using a sentinel physician network: results from the 2005-2006 season of dual A and B mismatch in Canada. Vaccine. 2007;25(15):2842-2851.

Blackmore CGM, Stark LM, Jeter WC, Oliveri RL, Brooks RG, Conti LA, Wiersma ST. Surveillance results from the first west nile virus transmission season in Florida, 2001. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2003;69(2):141-150.

Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) Web site. http://www.fda.gov/cder/aers/default.htm. Published August 7, 2002. Updated September 5, 2008. Accessed November 21, 2008.

Zhou W, Pool V, Iskander JK, et al. Surveillance for safety after immunization: vaccine adverse events reporting system (VAERS) - United States, 1991-2001. MMWR CDC Surveill Summ. 2003;52(SS-1):1-11.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update: adverse events following civilian smallpox vaccination - United States, 2003. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2004;53(5):106-107.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) statement on smallpox preparedness and vaccination. http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/vaccination/acipjun2003.asp. Published June 18, 2003. Accessed October 23, 2008.

Steiner-Sichel L, Greenko J, Heffernan R, Layton M, Weiss D. Field investigations of emergency department syndromic surveillance signals - New York City. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2004;53(suppl):190-195.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Salmonella surveillance: annual summary, 2006. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/phlisdata/salmonella.htm. Published 2008. Accessed October 14, 2008.

Swaminathan B, Barrett TJ, Fields P. Surveillance for human salmonella infections in the United States. J AOAC Int. 2006;89(2):553-559.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. What is PulseNet? PulseNet Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/pulsenet/whatis.htm. Published July 24, 2006. Accessed December 3, 2008.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Summary of notifiable diseases, United States, 1997. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1998;46(54):1-87.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2006. Vol. 18. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/reports/. Published 2008. Accessed October 14, 2008.

To Access and Complete This Training:

To create a login ID and password for the NCIPH Training Website, click on the Create An Account link. If you have previously created an account, click on the Login to Training Link. Please read over the information on this page first.