Cohort Study Design and Implementation
|Description:||This training provides a basic overview of cohort study design, including the differences between prospective and retrospective studies. The lesson describes four steps of cohort study implementation.|
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- Classify cohort studies by type (prospective versus retrospective);
- Describe the steps of cohort study implementation; and
- List important factors to consider when designing a cohort study.
Meredith Davis, MPH, CPH
Allison George, MPH, CPH, CHES
Amy Nelson, PhD, MPH, CPH and Allison George, MPH, CPH, CHES
|Subject Matter Expert Reviewer:|
Lauren Dibiase, MPH
The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose. Author, narrator, reviewer affiliations listed were current at the time of training development.
Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed
This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions. (Please note: The competencies included on this site are just a few of the public health competencies which have been established. Training participants may find alignment between this training and other competency sets not included on this site.)
|Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 1|
|Characterize investigative processes (I.C.3)|
|Conduct investigation as directed (I.C.6)|
|Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 2|
|Select investigative processes (I.C.3)|
|Assist in design of investigation (e.g., disease investigations, studies, or screening programs) (I.C.5)|
|Use investigation techniques consistent with the public health problem (I.C.6)|
|Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 1|
|1A8. Collects valid and reliable quantitative and qualitative data (1: Analytical/Assessment Skills)|
|6A3. Describes how public health sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, social and behavioral sciences, and public health informatics) are used in the delivery of the 10 Essential Public Health Services (6: Public Health Science Skills)|
|Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 2|
|1B8. Collects valid and reliable quantitative and qualitative data (1: Analytical/Assessment Skills)|
|6B3. Applies public health sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, social and behavioral sciences, and public health informatics) in the delivery of the 10 Essential Public Health Services (6: Public Health Science Skills)|
|Public Health Preparedness Capabilities|
|Capability 13, Function 2: Conduct public health and epidemiological investigations|
|Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies|
|2.4. Collect data according to protocol.|
|2.5. Manage the recording and/or transcription of data according to protocol.|
Frye DM, Zweig R, Sturgeon J, Tormey M, LeCavalier M, Lee I, Lawani L, Mascola L. An outbreak of febrile gastroenteritis associated with deli meat contaminated with Listeria Monocytogenes. Clin Infect Dis. 2002;35(8):943-949.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Epidemiology Program Office. Case Studies in Applied Epidemiology, No. 401-303: Oswego - an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness following a church supper. http://www.cdc.gov/eis/casestudies/xoswego.401-303.student.pdf. Accessed October 24, 2011.
Grimes DA, Schulz KF. Cohort Studies: Marching towards outcomes. The Lancet 2002; 359:341-345.
Hammond EC and Horn D (1958) Smoking and death rates - report on forty-four months of follow-up of 187,783 men. JAMA 166: 1294-1308.
Kelsey JL, Whittemore AS, Evans AS, Thompson DW. Methods in observational epidemiology, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press; New York, 1996.