An Overview of Outbreak Investigations (FOCUS, Volume 1.1)

Fee:None
Length: 40 minutes
Description:This focus issue provides a general overview of the basic steps of disease outbreak investigations.
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This training was developed with the support of the UNC Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Center (UNC PERLC), a funded project of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Cooperative Agreement 1U90TP000415).
PERLC

Learning Objectives

Training Personnel

Author:

FOCUS Workgroup

Reviewer:

FOCUS Workgroup

The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose. Author, narrator, reviewer affiliations listed were current at the time of training development.

Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed

This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions. (Please note: The competencies included on this site are just a few of the public health competencies which have been established. Training participants may find alignment between this training and other competency sets not included on this site.)

Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 1
Conduct investigation as directed (I.C.6)
Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 2
Use investigation techniques consistent with the public health problem (I.C.6)
Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 1
1A1. Describes factors affecting the health of a community (e.g., equity, income, education, environment) (1: Analytical/Assessment Skills)
6A3. Describes how public health sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, social and behavioral sciences, and public health informatics) are used in the delivery of the 10 Essential Public Health Services (6: Public Health Science Skills)
Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 2
1B1. Describes factors affecting the health of a community (e.g., equity, income, education, environment) (1: Analytical/Assessment Skills)
6B3. Applies public health sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, social and behavioral sciences, and public health informatics) in the delivery of the 10 Essential Public Health Services (6: Public Health Science Skills)
Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 3
1C1. Describes factors affecting the health of a community (e.g., equity, income, education, environment) (1: Analytical/Assessment Skills)
Public Health Preparedness Capabilities
Capability 13, Function 2: Conduct public health and epidemiological investigations
Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies
1.1. Solve problems under emergency conditions.
2.5. Manage the recording and/or transcription of data according to protocol.

References

Hennessy TW, Hedberg CW, Slutsker L, et al. A national outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis infections from ice cream. The InvestigationTeam. N Engl J Med 1996; 334:1281-6.

Bell BP, Goldoft M, Griffin PM, et al. A multistate outbreak of Es-cherichia coli O157:H7-associated bloody diarrhea and hemolytic ure-mic syndrome from hamburgers. The Washington experience. J Am Med Assoc 1994; 272:1349-53.

Cody SH, Glynn MK, Farrar JA, et al. An outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection from unpasteurized commercial apple juice. Ann Intern Med 1999; 130:202-9.

Breuer T, Benkel DH, Shapiro RL, et al. A multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections linked to alfalfa sprouts grown from contaminated seeds. Emerg Infect Dis 2001; 7:977-82.

Osterholm MT, MacDonald KL, White KE, et al. An outbreak of a newly recognized chronic diarrhea syndrome associated with raw milk consumption. J Am Med Assoc 1986; 256:484-90.

Perkins BA, Popovic T, Yeskey K. Public health in the time of bioterrorism. Emerg Infect Dis 2002; 8:1015-8. Roberts JA, Upton PA, Azene G. Escherichia coli O157:H7; an economic assessment of an outbreak. J Public Health Med 2000; 22:99-107.

Jones TF, Craig AS, Hoy D, et al. Mass psychogenic illness attributed to toxic exposure at a high school. N Engl J Med 2000; 342:96-100.

Reingold AL. Outbreak investigations--a perspective. Emerg Infect Dis 1998; 4:21-7.

Outbreaks of pseudo-infection with Cyclospora and Cryptosporidium-- Florida and New York City, 1995. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 1997; 46:354-8.

Garrett L. Understanding media's response to epidemics. Public Health Rep 2001; 116 Suppl 2:87-91.

To Access and Complete This Training:

To create a login ID and password for the NCIPH Training Website, click on the Create An Account link. If you have previously created an account, click on the Login to Training Link. Please read over the information on this page first.