Collecting Specimens in Outbreak Investigations (FOCUS, Volume 4.2)

Fee:None
Length: 40 minutes
Description:This issue of FOCUS discusses some of the different types of specimen collection that may be required during an outbreak, as well as some of the practical issues of clinical specimen collection, including packaging, shipping, and other logistical issues.
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This training was developed with the support of the UNC Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Center (UNC PERLC), a funded project of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Cooperative Agreement 1U90TP000415).
PERLC

Learning Objectives

Training Personnel

Authors:

Michelle Torok, PhD, MPH

Amy Nelson, PhD, MPH

Lauren N. Bradley, MHS

FOCUS Workgroup

The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose. Author, narrator, reviewer affiliations listed were current at the time of training development.

Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed

This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions. (Please note: The competencies included on this site are just a few of the public health competencies which have been established. Training participants may find alignment between this training and other competency sets not included on this site.)

Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 1
Use identified specimen collection, storage, and transportation measures (II.B.4)
Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 2
Implement necessary specimen collection, storage, and transportation measures (II.B.4)
Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 1
6A3. Describes how public health sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, social and behavioral sciences, and public health informatics) are used in the delivery of the 10 Essential Public Health Services (6: Public Health Science Skills)
Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 2
6B3. Applies public health sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, social and behavioral sciences, and public health informatics) in the delivery of the 10 Essential Public Health Services (6: Public Health Science Skills)
Public Health Preparedness Capabilities
Capability 13, Function 2: Conduct public health and epidemiological investigations
Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies
2.4. Collect data according to protocol.

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update: multistate outbreak of Monkeypox --- Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin, 2003. MMWR Morb Mort Wkly Rep. 2003; 52:642-626.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. All about hantaviruses. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hanta/hps/noframes/outbreak.htm. Accessed December 12, 2006.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cholera associated with imported frozen coconut milk -- Maryland, 1991. MMWR Morb Mort Wkly Rep. 1991;40:844-845.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection associated with eating fresh cheese curds --- Wisconsin, June 1998. MMWR Morb Mort Wkly Rep. 2000;41:911-913.

MacKenzie WR, Hoxie NJ, Proctor ME, et al. A massive outbreak in Milwaukee of cryptosporidium infection transmitted through the public water supply. N Engl J Med. 1994;331:161-167.

Jernigan DB, Raghunathan PL, Bell BP, et al. Investigation of bioterrorism-related anthrax, United States, 2001: Epidemiologic findings. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:1019-1028.

Moe CL. Waterborne Transmission of infectious agents. In: Hurst CJ, Crawford RL, Knudsen GR, McInerney MJ, Stetzenbach LD, eds. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: ASM Press; 2002:136-152.

Majkowski J. Strategies for rapid response to emerging foodborne microbial hazards. Emerg Infect Dis. 1997;3:551-554.

Association of Public Health Laboratories. State Public Health Laboratory Food Safety Capacity, September 2004. Available at: http://www.aphl.org/docs/Food Safety Issue Brief 9-14-04.pdf. Accessed December 12, 2006.

Miller, JM. A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: ASM Press; 1996.

Dock, B. Improving accuracy of specimen labeling. Clin Lab Sci. 2005; 18:210.

Last JM, ed. A Dictionary of Epidemiology. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc.; 2001.

Kendrew J, ed. The Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology. Oxford, England: Blackwell Science; 1994.

To Access and Complete This Training:

To create a login ID and password for the NCIPH Training Website, click on the Create An Account link. If you have previously created an account, click on the Login to Training Link. Please read over the information on this page first.