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Determinants of Health and Health Disparities (Introduction to Public Health in North Carolina Training Series, Module 2)

Fee:None
Length: 30 minutes
Description:This training module is one of six trainings included in the Introduction to Public Health in North Carolina training series. This module provides an overview of the factors that influence health and health-related behavior, and addresses differences in health status known as health disparities.
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This training was developed with the support of the Southeast Public Health Training Center (Southeast PHTC), a funded project of the Bureau of Health Professions in the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA Cooperative Agreement 6UB6HP20182).
SPHTC

Learning Objectives

Training Personnel

Author:

Meredith Davis, MPH, CPH

Narrator:

Avia Mainor, MPH

NCIPH Reviewer:

Tanya Montoya, MPH, CHES

The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose. Author, narrator, reviewer affiliations listed were current at the time of training development.

Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed

This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions. (Please note: The competencies included on this site are just a few of the public health competencies which have been established. Training participants may find alignment between this training and other competency sets not included on this site.)

Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 1
4A1. Describes the concept of diversity as it applies to individuals and populations (e.g., language, culture, values, socioeconomic status, geography, education, race, gender, age, ethnicity, sexual orientation, profession, religious affiliation, mental and physical abilities, historical experiences) (4: Cultural Competency Skills)
4A3. Describes the ways diversity may influence policies, programs, services, and the health of a community (4: Cultural Competency Skills)
6A1. Describes the scientific foundation of the field of public health (6: Public Health Science Skills)
Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 2
4B1. Describes the concept of diversity as it applies to individuals and populations (e.g., language, culture, values, socioeconomic status, geography, education, race, gender, age, ethnicity, sexual orientation, profession, religious affiliation, mental and physical abilities, historical experiences) (4: Cultural Competency Skills)
4B3. Recognizes the ways diversity influences policies, programs, services, and the health of a community (4: Cultural Competency Skills)
6B1. Discusses the scientific foundation of the field of public health (6: Public Health Science Skills)
Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 3
4C1. Describes the concept of diversity as it applies to individuals and populations (e.g., language, culture, values, socioeconomic status, geography, education, race, gender, age, ethnicity, sexual orientation, profession, religious affiliation, mental and physical abilities, historical experiences) (4: Cultural Competency Skills)
4C3. Recognizes the ways diversity influences policies, programs, services, and the health of a community (4: Cultural Competency Skills)

References

2011 North Carolina Cancer Incidence by Gender. State Center for Health Statistics website. http://www.schs.state.nc.us/schs/CCR/incidence/2011/sex.pdf. Accessed May 23, 2014.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Colorectal cancer incidence and screening - United States, 2008 and 2010. Morb Mortal Weekly Rep. 2013;62:53-60.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Motor vehicle-related deaths - United States, 2005 and 2009. Morb Mortal Weekly Rep. 2013;62:176-178.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vital signs: asthma prevalence, disease characteristics, and self-management education - United States, 2001-2009. Morb Mortal Weekly Rep. 2011;60:547-552.

Health disparities: the basics. American Public Health Association website. http://www.apha.org/NR/rdonlyres/54C4CC4D-E86D-479A-BABB-5D42B3FDC8BD/0/HlthDisparty_Primer_FINAL.pdf. Accessed May 15, 2014. Institute of Medicine. The future of the public's health in the 21st century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2002.

Iton, A. Tackling the root causes of health disparities through community capacity building. http://chc.ucsf.edu/pdf/Iton-Tackling%20The%20Root%20Causes%20of%20Health%20Disparities.pdf. Accessed May 23, 2014.

North Carolina Health News website. http://www.northcarolinahealthnews.org/2012/11/30/as_nc_produces_aids_breakthroughs_change_reaches_patients_slowly/. Accessed May 23, 2014.

Overweight and obesity. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html. Accessed May 23, 2014.

President's Task Force on Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children. Coordinated federal action plan to reduce racial and ethnic asthma disparities.

Social determinants of health. Healthy People 2020 website. http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=39. Accessed May 22, 2014.