Outbreak Investigations (Medical Reserve Corps Training, Module 2)
|Description:||This module defines an outbreak, provides an overview of different types of outbreak sources, and outlines the steps of an outbreak investigation.|
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- List different causes of outbreaks
- Describe the steps in an outbreak investigation
- Identify other types of situations in which public health surge capacity is needed
Jennifer Horney, PhD, MA, MPH, CPH
Kristen Ricchetti-Masterson, MSPH
Amy Pickard Nelson, PhD, MPH, CPH
|Subject Matter Expert Reviewer:|
Billy W. Wiggins, MSN, RN, Operations Director, Midlands Public Health Region, South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control
The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose. Author, narrator, reviewer affiliations listed were current at the time of training development.
Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed
This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions. (Please note: The competencies included on this site are just a few of the public health competencies which have been established. Training participants may find alignment between this training and other competency sets not included on this site.)
|Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 1|
|Conduct investigation as directed (I.C.6)|
|Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 2|
|Use investigation techniques consistent with the public health problem (I.C.6)|
|Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 1|
|6A3. Describes how public health sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, social and behavioral sciences, and public health informatics) are used in the delivery of the 10 Essential Public Health Services (6: Public Health Science Skills)|
|Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals Tier 2|
|6B3. Applies public health sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, social and behavioral sciences, and public health informatics) in the delivery of the 10 Essential Public Health Services (6: Public Health Science Skills)|
|Public Health Preparedness Capabilities|
|Capability 13, Function 2: Conduct public health and epidemiological investigations|
|Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies|
|1.1. Solve problems under emergency conditions.|
|2.5. Manage the recording and/or transcription of data according to protocol.|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1992). Principles of Epidemiology, 2nd ed. Atlanta, GA: Public Health Practice Program Office.
FOCUS Workgroup. An Overview of Outbreak Investigations. FOCUS on Field Epidemiology (1):1. http://cphp.sph.unc.edu/focus/issuelist.htm
FOCUS Workgroup. Anatomy and Physiology of an Outbreak Investigation Team. FOCUS on Field Epidemiology (1):2. http://cphp.sph.unc.edu/focus/issuelist.htm
Hall, J.A., et al. Epidemiologic profiling: evaluating foodborne outbreaks for which no pathogen was isolated by routine laboratory testing: United States, 1982-9. Epidemiol Infect. 2001;127:381-7
Nelson, A. Embarking on an Outbreak Investigation. FOCUS on Field Epidemiology (1):3. http://cphp.sph.unc.edu/focus/issuelist.htm
FOCUS Workgroup. An Overview of Outbreak Investigations. FOCUS on Field Epidemiology (1):1. http://nciph.sph.unc.edu/tws/HEP_FOC01/certificate.php
Torok, M. Case Finding and Line Listing: A Guide for Investigators FOCUS on Field Epidemiology (1):4. http://cphp.sph.unc.edu/focus/issuelist.htm
Torok, M. Epidemic Curves. FOCUS on Field Epidemiology (1):5. http://cphp.sph.unc.edu/focus/issuelist.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005). Outbreak Management System Demonstration Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/phin/software-solutions/oms/index.html.
Gregg, M. (ed). (1996). Field Epidemiology. Oxford University Press.
Last, J.M. (2001). A Dictionary of Epidemiology: 4th Edition. Oxford University Press: New York.
Maugh, T.H. "In 2011, U.S. logged the most measles cases it's had in 15 years." Los Angeles Times. Published April 19, 2012. Available at: http://articles.latimes.com/2012/apr/19/news/la-heb-measles-outbreak-20120419